9-5-17 It’s All About the Leverage, by Lynette Zang

 

Leverage, The Net Capital Rule,The Lehman Moment, And Dodd-Frank.

On April 28, 2004, under pressure from the largest broker dealers (Bear Stearns, Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch, and Morgan Stanley) the SEC approved the “Net Capital Rule” which allowed these entities exemptions that enabled them to dramatically increase leverage. Many believe this, in part, formed the foundation of the 2007 crisis.

At that time Lehman was levered at 30:1 which only required a 3.3% downside of assets to push the firm into insolvency. On September 15, 2008 Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy. That is called the “Lehman Moment”.

Do we have another Lehman Moment a head of us? Dodd-Frank legislation enacted during that time, though over 22,000 pages, is still being written and yet the recent Financial Choice Act of 2017 aims to dismantle those cumbersome regulations that keep a lid on leverage.

In June 2017 the Federal Reserve stress tests revealed current leverage in the US banks. Are we better off? This webinar looks at current leverage ratios and just how far markets can drop before insolvency sparks the next financial crisis.

Slides And Links Regarding Financial Leverage :

Leverage
Slide 1

https://www.sec.gov/rules/final/34-49830.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/03/business/03sec.html?mcubz=1

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2008/09/28/business/20080928-SEC-multimedia/index.html

Leverage
Slide 2

https://financialservices.house.gov/uploadedfiles/2017-04-24_financial_choice_act_of_2017_comprehensive_summary_final.pdf

Leverage
Slide 3

https://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/press/press_releases_media_advisories/2017/HUDNo_17-068

https://www.clarusft.com/supplementary-leverage-ratio-comparing-us-banks

Leverage
Slide 4

There Is No Link Associated With This Slide.

Leverage
Slide 5

https://www.occ.gov/topics/capital-markets/financial-markets/derivatives/dq117.pdf

Leverage
Slide 6

https://www.occ.gov/topics/capital-markets/financial-markets/derivatives/dq117.pdf

Leverage
Slide 7

https://financialservices.house.gov/uploadedfiles/2017-04-24_financial_choice_act_of_2017_comprehensive_summary_final.pdf

https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2017/06/13/what-treasurys-financial-regulation-report-gets-right-and-where-it-goes-too-far

Leverage
Slide 8

https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-markets-flows-baml/liquidity-supernova-keeping-markets-afloat-europe-in-demand-baml-idUKKBN17N138

https://www.yardeni.com/pub/peacockfedecbassets.pdf

Leverage
Slide 9

https://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/18/narrowest-dow-range.html

https://www.algebris.com/silver-bullet-low-volatility-trap/

Leverage
Slide 10

https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2016/cr16189.pdf

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2013/wp1301.pdf